Types of Heat Pumps

Are you searching for a new heat source for your residence? A high-efficiency heat pump could be precisely what you’re looking for. Most people know less about heat pumps than they do about furnaces or air conditioners, but modern heat pumps models can split your heating costs in half. They also offer cooling in the summer for year-round comfort from one system.

If we’ve got your interest, now you can learn more from the Experts at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing about available types of heat pumps before you determine what’s best for your home.

What Makes Heat Pumps So Special?

Heat pumps are a distinctive genre of HVAC system able to produce heating and cooling. In the summertime, they work much like an air conditioner, using electricity to pull heat from your home. But when the weather is cold, a reversing valve enables the equipment to run in reverse, drawing in heat inside to warm your home.

Apart from this dual functionality, heat pumps are praised for their amazing efficiency. Because they transport heat rather than produce it from a fuel source, heat pumps can achieve more than 300% efficiency. This is compared to a top mark of 98% efficiency for modern gas-fired furnaces. By buying a heat pump, you’re not just picking a system that increases your home’s comfort; you’re promoting sustainability and energy savings.

Three Main Types of Heat Pumps

Even though heat pumps have several subcategories, each one falls into one of these main types:

Air-source heat pumps

This is the most commonly used type of heat pump. HVAC technicians find that setup is usually simple, and these systems perform exceptionally well in moderate climates. Air source heat pumps use the ambient air as a method for heat exchange. In other words, they remove heat from the outside air during the cold months and pull heat out of your home during the warm months.

Water-source heat pumps

If your home is built close to a body of water like a lake, pond or well, a water-source heat pump might be an efficient way to go. These systems use water as the means for heat exchange, providing another efficiency boost. While less popular than air-source heat pumps because of the need for water access, these are a useful option for homeowners with the ideal environmental conditions.

Ground-source or geothermal heat pumps

If you’re looking for the single most efficient climate control method available, ground-source or geothermal heat pumps are worthwhile options. These systems use the earth’s stable underground temperature to provide consistent and very efficient heating and cooling. The disadvantage to this variety of heat pump, however, is the complexity and cost of installation, which often calls for excavation to lay underground pipes.

Heat Pump Subtypes

After you decide what heat pump style you want in your home, the next step is to choose the best subtype. Your choices include:

Hybrid heat pumps

If you live in a region with significant temperature swings, hybrid heat pumps can provide the best of both worlds. These systems are available in two forms:

  • Combination air- and ground-source heat pumps toggle between these two methods of operation, adjusting to current weather conditions for maximum efficiency.
  • Combination air-source heat pumps and gas furnaces rely on the heat pump if there is mild weather. Then, when temperatures fall drastically, the gas-fired furnace takes over, saving energy compared to the backup electric resistance heating coils that come standard.

Solar heat pumps

Merging green energy with home heating and cooling is a great way to reduce your energy bills and benefit the environment. Solar heat pumps function using power created by solar panels, the perfect setup for environmentally conscious homeowners who still want to benefit from modern climate control.

Heat Pump Installation Options

You have a few choices for installing your heat pump:

Split-system heat pumps

This is the regular setup for the majority of homes with existing ductwork. The inside unit is normally installed in the basement, attic or utility closet, while the outside unit sits on a concrete slab in your yard.

Packaged heat pumps

In this design, all mechanical elements are placed in a single outdoor unit, often installed on the roof. This is most suitable for homes or commercial buildings with limited indoor or yard space.

H4: Ductless mini-split heat pumps

Ductless systems, also called mini-split systems, are designed for homes and additions that don’t have any ductwork. Each room can have an indoor unit attached to a single outdoor unit, providing targeted climate control and energy savings.

Window heat pumps

These small models are ideal for small spaces or to meet temporary needs. While less efficient than other choices, they have the benefit of quick and uncomplicated installation.

Choose Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing for Your Heat Pump Needs in the U.S.

If it’s time to install a heat pump, choose the certified team at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing. With decades of combined experience, 24/7 emergency service and a one-year 100% satisfaction guarantee, you can expect a job well done every time. Our seasoned specialists will make sure your heat pump system is modified to your needs, from installation to ongoing maintenance to occasional repairs.

Ready to experience home comfort and efficiency like never before? Contact Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing for heat pump installation in the U.S.. Call 866-397-3787 today for your free, no-obligation estimate!

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